FV430 Series Bulldog Armoured Vehicle
BAE Land Systems
FV430 Series Bulldog Armoured Vehicle
The FV430 Series Bulldog is one of the armoured vehicles of the British Army, built on the same chassis as the FV432 armoured personnel carrier. The chassis of the FV430 is a track design and the engine is positioned on the front right side. For loading and unloading, most models have a side hinged door in the rear, and the passenger compartment roof has a large split hatch opening. Because of the British Army tradition that the troops would dismount from the vehicle for combat, the FV430 Series has no firing ports for the troops.
FV430 Bulldog Development
GKN Fighting Vehicle Development Division was the first builder of the FV430 series, which by 1958 constructed and delivered 4 prototypes and 10 trials vehicles of the FVun-armoured light tracked vehicle.
The first vehicle of the FV430 family was delivered and operational in the 1960s and because of the high quality maintenance and improvements helped it remain operable in the present. One of the major improvements was the new power train, which provided better mobility and maneuverability. The most recent upgrade is the Bulldog, which is a troop carrier used by the British Army. The FV430 Bulldog proved to be fitted for protection against artillery fire and small arm and cross-country interventions.
In the beginning of the upgrade program, the UK Ministry of Defense ordered 54 FV430 Series Bulldog and the delivery deadline was August 2006 and thereafter 20 converted FV430 delivered to the British Army every month. Before this first order was delivered, in July 2006 the UK Ministry of Defense announced an extra order of 70 FV430 Bulldog, the upgraded FV430 tracked troop transport vehicle. The delivery of the 124 vehicles was planned to start at the end of that year and they were designated to build up a mechanized battle group 2007. This was all part of the Urgent Operational Requirements.
The FV430 Bulldog, also known as FV430 Mk3 Bulldog was design for urgent operational requirements in the counter insurgency campaigns such as those in Afghanistan and Iraq, as an extra armoured vehicle. The armor package is design by the Israeli company Rafael and has the capacity to self defend against hollow charge warheads like RPG-7 rockets of the insurgents.
The mobility of the FV430 was improved once the Bulldog was built with a new engine and new steering gear. The FV430 Series Bulldog has special characteristics like a gun station with a 7.62 mm machine gun, controllable from inside the vehicle and also the air conditioning option.
Bulldog Armour / Protection
The FV430 Series Bulldog has a similar level of protection to Warrior and the capacity to fulfill most the task of the Warrior, due to the improved performance, speed reliability and mobility. BAE Systems is the general contractor for the upgrade of the FV430 series and it is expected that they will modify 900 vehicles and eventually deploy them in Afghanistan and Iraq. Other vehicles with the same destination are the Pinzgauer High Mobility All Terrain Vehicle and the new Mastiff PPV. This will help the Warrior fleet involved in the two war zones. Among the modifications will be the new top speed at 72 km/h and the cross country improved performance. Also the upgrade includes new steering, electrical and cooling systems, which enables the FV430 run faster and make tighter turns. The engine modifications make it quieter and have lower emissions.
Especially design for Iraq missions the FV430 Bulldog will have extra armor protection, which will increase the survivability of the crew and troops. Due to the drive's night vision system, the FV430 Bulldog give operability for 24 hours.
The FV430 Bulldog's troops compartment can hold up to 10 passengers, five on each side, seated on bench seats that run down both sides of the hull. The personnel enter end leave the vehicle through a door in the rear of the vehicle.
The FV340 Series Bulldog's threats on the battlefield are: RPG's and Small Arms that can be fired from multiple directions (up, down, sides, front and rear) -all these have limited effect against the FV430 Bulldog's armor; the next threat is the coordinated volley fire; another major threat is the Improvised Explosive Devices -they are difficult to detect and have a great blast and fragmentation effect; even though the SA represent a small threat to the Bulldog, when the Heavy Machine Guns are well directed they become a greater threat; an even greater threat are the mines, which are very difficult to detect -since there are mane ways the insurgents leave mines on the road, the FV340 Bulldog drivers must be well informed of the mine threat and the scan reports; an important threat for the crew and Top Cover sentries is represented by the petrol bombs the top cover sentries are equipped with federal riot guns and can deter the petrol bombs; probably the biggest great for the Bulldog is a combination of devices, such as an ambush with improvised explosive devices and small arms fire support. All these threats can be avoided and defeated when the commanders and troops are well informed and prepared for all kind of situations, since the FV430 offers a great protection and mobility.
||2 Crew Members / 10 Passengers
||7.62 mm caliber machine gun
2 x 3-barrel smoke dischargers
||483 km (261 nm)
||Rolls-Royce K60 No. 4 Mark 1-4